Quick Answer: What Term Means Opposing Sides In Law?

What does V mean in law?

v stands for ‘versus’ meaning ‘against’.

What is an example of a defendant?

The definition of a defendant is a person being sued or accused of a crime. An example of a defendant is someone accused of driving under the influence.

What are the 4 types of law?

Terms in this set (4)Statutory law. Laws that are passed by congress or a state government.Common law. If there is not a statutory law covering a specific situation, a judge uses common sense to help decide how to rule.administrative law. Passed by government agencies. ( … Constitutional law.

What do they say at the beginning of court?

They ask everyone to stand up to show respect for the Judge, the court and the law by saying: “All rise. This court is now in session.” Judge comes in, sits down and tells everyone else to be seated. Judge tells everyone what the trial is about.

What are Practice Directions CPR?

What do practice directions do? Practice directions set out details of procedure that have not required amendments to the Civil Procedure rules (CPR). They allow for flexible amendment to procedure in the light of experience.

What are the two sides in a court case?

Names of the sides. In criminal trials, the state’s side, represented by a district attorney, is called the prosecution. In civil trials, the side making the charge of wrongdoing is called the plaintiff. (The side charged with wrongdoing is called the defendant in both criminal and civil trials.)

What is a judge’s decision called?

In law, a judgment, also spelled judgement, is a decision of a court regarding the rights and liabilities of parties in a legal action or proceeding. Judgments also generally provide the court’s explanation of why it has chosen to make a particular court order.

What are the 4 types of evidence?

There are four types evidence by which facts can be proven or disproven at trial which include:Real evidence;Demonstrative evidence;Documentary evidence; and.Testimonial evidence.

What does D stand for in court?

District Attorneyall words any words phrase. SELECT A WORD TO VIEW THE COMPLETE DEFINITION: D.A. n. slang for District Attorney.

adjective. permitted by law; lawful: Such acts are not legal. … appointed, established, or authorized by law; deriving authority from law.

What means direction?

Direction is defined as the path that something takes, the path that must be taken to reach a specific place, the way in which something is starting to develop or the way you are facing. An example of direction is when you go right instead of left.

What happens at a direction hearing?

What is a directions hearing? A directions hearing is a short court appearance where orders are made about what should happen next in a case. … Usually at the first directions hearing the judge will make sure all the parties know a case has been started, and order that the parties go to mediation.

In English law, a practice direction is a supplemental protocol to rules of civil and criminal procedure in the courts – “a device to regulate minor procedural matters” and is “an official announcement by the court laying down rules as to how it should function.”

Does illegal mean not allowed?

: not allowed by the laws or rules He was arrested for illegal activities. The team made an illegal play.

own recognizanceshort for “own recognizance,” meaning the judge allowed a person accused in a criminal case to go free pending trial without posting bail. A person so released is often referred to as having been “OR-ed.” ( See: own recognizance)

What are the terms used in court?

Learning Court Vocabularyallegation: something that someone says happened.continuance: Put off trial unitl another time.cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.interview: A meeting with the police or prosecutor.juror: A person who is on the jury.oath: A promise to tell the truth.More items…

What is the defendant called in a criminal case?

Criminal Defendant and Attorney In a criminal case, the accused person is called the defendant. Defendants are represented by an attorney, who may be an attorney from the Federal Public Defender’s Office if they can’t afford a private attorney.

What if judge is biased?

The bias could also be towards your attorney. … In a situation where a judge is biased or prejudice, the result could be a decision that is not fair or impartial to one party in the case. Often, a judge will identify their own inability to be fair, neutral, and impartial and will recuse themselves from the case.